Other questions & answers

Pharmaceutical drugs

Pharmaceutical drugs are chemical substances that are developed and applied in medicine and dentistry due to their ability to treat, prevent, or alleviate disease. The drugs may have side-effects in addition to their intended effects. The side-effects may involve enhancing cancer risk or reducing cancer risk.

Hormone replacement therapy is a specific type of hormonal drug usually prescribed for menopause symptoms in women.

Other pharmaceutical drugs, some of them hormonal drugs, may increase risk of cancer for women only (e.g. oral contraceptives) or women and men: